Liu SH, Smyth-Templeton N, Davis AR, Davis EA, Ballian N, Li M, Liu H, Fisher W, Brunicardi FC.

Surgery. 2011 Apr;149(4):484-95. doi: 10.1016/j.surg.2010.11.014. Epub 2011 Feb 5.

Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Elkins Pancreas Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.



Adenoviral gene therapy has been applied widely for cancer therapy; however, transient gene expression as result of humoral immunoneutralization response to adenovirus limits its effect. The purpose of this study is to determine whether DOTAP:cholesterol liposome could shield adenovirus from neutralizing antibody and permit the use of multiple cycles of intravenous liposome encapsulated serotype 5 adenoviral rat insulin promoter directed thymidine kinase (L-A-5-RIP-TK) with ganciclovir (GCV) to enhance its effect.


The effect of multiple cycles of systemic L-A-5-RIP-TK/GCV therapy was evaluated in grouped PANC-1 SCID mice treated with different numbers of cycles. Humoral immune response to A-5-RIP-TK or L-A-5-RIP-TK was assessed using C57/B6J mice challenged with adenovirus or liposome adenovirus complex.


The minimal residual tumor burden (3.2 ± 0.6 mm(3)) and greatest survival time (153.0 ± 6 days) were obtained in the mice receiving 4 and 3 cycles of therapy, respectively. Toxicity to islet cells associated with RIP-TK/GCV therapy was observed after 4 cycles. DOTAP:chol-encapsulated adenovectors were able to protect adenovectors from the neutralization of high titer of anti-adenoviral antibodies induced by itself.


Multiple treatment cycles of L-A-5-RIP-TK/GCV ablate human PANC-1 cells effectively in SCID mice; however, the mice become diabetic and have substantial mortality after the 4th cycle. Liposome-encapsulated adenovirus is functionally resistant to the neutralizing effects of anti-adenoviral antibodies, suggesting feasibility of multiple cycles of therapy. Liposome encapsulation of the adenovirus may be a promising strategy for repeated delivery of systemic adenoviral gene therapy.

Copyright © 2011 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID: 21295812 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE] PMCID: PMC3072061